The legal system that gives victims the right to sue in certain medical errors is called medical malpractice. Medical malpractice is part of the compensation law and aims to achieve some principal / political goals that are compatible with the general characteristics of the compensation law. Therefore, it is more than just a dispute between two people, it is a political issue. The term “malpractice”, which can also be applied to different professions, can be used widely for “medical malpractice”.

In the cases of malpractice, two main methods / systems can be mentioned. The first of these systems is “based on fault (wrongful act)”. In systems based on defects, the responsibility of the person or institution acting in an unfair act is determined at the end of a trial process, and the loss is compensated through an insurance system or directly from individuals or institutions.